The son of working class parents, Rodney showed great academic promise and was awarded scholarships to the University of the West Indies in Jamaica and the School of African and Oriental Studies in London. He received his PhD from the latter at the age of twenty-four, and his thesis was published as A History of the Upper Guinea Coastnow a classic of African history.
Gosine have characterized Trinidad as a pluralistic society consisting of a two-dimensional division of human relations.
This concept however, has limitations in terms of inequalities based on not only race, but also class and gender. Role of planters in shaping relationshivs between different ethnic groups. The role of European planters implementing indentured servitude had a tremendous effect on shaping social attitudes in colonial Trinidad.
For instance, Indian indentured laborers were kept apart geographically and culturally from the rest of captive labor force.
This separation fostered an atmosphere that perpetuated the negative stereotypes initiated by the white planters. This tactic was used to further divide the labor force from uniting. The planter elite rationalized the division of labor by claiming that Afrikans were poor workers, lazy, irresponsible and frivolous while East Indians were characterized as industrious, docile, obedient and manageable.
Later, some East Indians also adopted this view of the enslaved Afrikans. Hence the perpetuation and institutionalization of hackneyed image of the oppressed by a group in a similar situation.
Therefore, the division of labor was created by the planter elite as a means of effectively controlling the labor force.
The social hierarchy in colonial Trinidad consisted of whites as the plantation owners; the Chinese and Portuguese in trading occupations; Afrikans and coloureds in skilled manual occupations; and East Indians in the agricultural fields.
The "commodification of ethnicity" caused by the division of labor has had extensive implications on the process of symbolization for those it involves. This meant the subordinate groups could not fully develop their own-shared ethnic and cultural standards.
Instead, images and stereotypes were superimposed by more powerful "outside" groups. Yet despite the isolation among the various ethnic groups during the nineteenth century, syncretism and acts of "cultural borrowing helped shape the fomiation of typical Trinidadian culture.
A note on the Creation of the Negro In Trinidad, the word "Negro" is used almost always to refer to someone of Afrikan ancestry. Most people never question the origin of this word, which degrades black people every time it is uttered. Since there is no such place one must question the definition and origin of the word to better understand the philosophy behind this concept.
The word negro is Spanish for black. The Spanish language comes from Latin, which has its origins in Classical Greek. The word Negro in Greek is derived from the root word necro, meaning dead.
What was once referred to as a physical condition is now regarded as an appropriate state of mind for millions of Afrikans. The name that you respond to determines the amount of your self worth. Similarly, the way groups of people collectively respond to a name can have devastating effects on their lives, particularly if they did not choose the name.
The Role of "Color" An examination of contemporary Trinidadian society shows that light-skinned black people are still the preferred population.
They are more likely to attain high-status jobs and be perceived as attractive. Although color is often tossed aside as a non-issue, it is something that tends to come up time and time again. The color complex, the stereotyping of individuals based on skin tone, is deeply embedded in the black consciousness.
Historically, the issue of skin color has been used as a means of controlling and division. Skin color has effectively used to disrupt unity.
The seeds of the color complex were planted during slavery when the light-skinned enslaved captives were preferred to be domestics. The darker-skinned Afrikans were put into field labor. When enslaved Afrikans were put on the auction block, those of "mixed" ancestry and light-skinned tones generated the highest bids.St.
Hugh’s High School Mark Scheme Caribbean Studies Grade 12 SECTION A Question 1: Using examples from the Caribbean, explain how Caribbean people throughout history have responded to oppression. Caribbean Studies - Oppressed Peoples Oppressed Peoples & Cultural Retention Cheyenne Coy – [email protected] CRB – D10 Professor Terry Roswell Wednesday, December 11th, Topic: Oppressed peoples have always been able to retain aspects of their cultural traditions.
Provide examples of. Caribbean Studies Past Questions - Download as Word Doc .doc), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Search Search. Third World studies began in at San Francisco State College, where students of the Third World Liberation Front (TWLF) identified and affiliated with the disempowered, the oppressed, the exploited Third World peoples.
OPPRESSION Oppression is the experience of repeated, widespread, systemic injustice. It need not be extreme and involve the legal system (as in slavery, apartheid, or the lack of right to vote) nor violent (as in tyrannical societies). With regard to Afro-Caribbean people and Educational Oppression - to what extent has the population been denied access to the educational system or given unequal treatment while in the system.