Not only is the root of both terms "strange" stran- in Russian, fremd in Germanbut both terms are unusual in their respective languages: In addition, according to some accounts Shklovsky's Russian friend playwright Sergei Tretyakov taught Brecht Shklovsky's term during Brecht's visit to Moscow in the spring of It was in any case not long after returning in the spring of from Moscow, where he saw a command performance of Beijing Opera techniques by Mei Lanfangthat Brecht first used the German term in print  to label an approach to theater that discouraged involving the audience in an illusory narrative world and in the emotions of the characters.
See Article History Alternative Titles: A-effect, V-effekt, Verfremdungseffekt, distancing effect Alienation effect, also called a-effect or distancing effect, German Verfremdungseffekt or V-effekt, idea central to the dramatic theory of the German dramatist-director Bertolt Brecht.
It involves the use of techniques designed to distance the audience from emotional involvement in the play through jolting reminders of the artificiality of the theatrical performance.
Examples of such techniques include explanatory captions or illustrations projected on a screen; actors stepping out of character to lecture, summarize, or sing songs; and stage designs that do not represent any locality but that, by exposing the lights and ropes, keep the spectators aware of being in a theatre.
Brecht conceived the alienation effect not only as a specific aesthetic program but also as a political mission of the theatre. Inspired by the philosophies of G. By creating stage effects that were strange or unusual, Brecht intended to assign the audience an active role in the production by forcing them to ask questions about the artificial environment and how each individual element related to real-life events.
In doing so, it was hoped that viewers would distance themselves emotionally from problems that demanded intellectual solutions. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The alienation effect was Brecht’s principle of using innovative theatrical techniques to “make the familiar strange” in order to provoke a social-critical audience response.
Origins: . Bertolt Brecht: Bertolt Brecht, German poet, playwright, and theatrical reformer whose epic theatre departed from the conventions of theatrical illusion and developed the drama as a social and ideological forum for leftist causes.
Until Brecht lived in Bavaria, where he was born, studied medicine (Munich. Bertolt brecht alienation effect essay about immigration.
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modernist Bertolt Brecht formally introduced his theory of the Verfremdungseffekt, or alienation-effect, in his essay “Alienation Effects in Chinese Acting,” Woolf makes use of the same kind of politically motivated alienation in her writing as Brecht would come to try in the theatre.
The Good Woman of Setzuan Bertolt Brecht uses a variety of techniques in his narrative style which is called epic theatre. Notable among these techniques is alienation effect. To achieve alienation effect, he uses many devices in writing his plays (internal devices) and also in performing them.
Brecht was nearly expelled from school in for writing an essay in response to the line "Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori" from the Short Description of a New Technique of Acting which Produces an Alienation Effect (written ; published ) A Short Organum for Bertolt Brecht et Fritz Lang: le nazisme n'a jamais été.